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Indicators for Stress Adaptation Analytics (ISAAC)

The “Indicators for Stress Adaptation Analytics” (ISAAC) measures changes in resource consumption over the course of a response as a Local Health Department (LHD) adapts from normal, to disaster, and eventually back to normal levels. ISAAAC measures adaptation at the level of each agency function and aggregates the scores to achieve an LHD profile, recognizing that agency functions may not be uniformly engaged. ISAAC generalizes in two basic ways: First, it may be applied to LHDs in different locations or, it may be applied to the assorted public health agencies in a given locale. Second, with continued application, analysis, and testing, ISAAC will measure responses to emergencies or disasters of any type or scale. ISAAC enhances after-action reporting by providing a standard measurement of resource consumption across agency functions (i.e., divisions or departments), distinguishing those actually involved in an emergency response from those maintaining routine operations. ISAAC offers the potential for supplementing after-action reporting methods—which may be lengthy, inconsistent, and requiring subjective interpretation—with standard, validated, quantitative methods that apply across agencies, disaster types, and levels of severity. This generalizability greatly increases the availability of reliable and valid information for decision-makers and policy makers considering improvements in preparedness and emergency response.

ISAAC conceptual model

 

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